Pergamon, Izmir Set in the ancient city center of the town of Bergama in the province of

Pergamon, now installed at the center of the town of Bergama in the province of Izmir is the name of the ancient city. Pergamon, was one of the most important centers of ancient times, Mysia. Between 282-133 BC, the capital of the Kingdom of Pergamon. Pergamon name, a myth, the hero comes Pergamos'tan. Pergamos'un, Teuthrania After killing the king and his name is supposed to have seized the city. Another rumor that the King of Teuthrania Grynos Pergamos'tan sought help in the war, after the victory in his honor one of the two cities kurdurarak Pergamon, Gryneion also put a name to another.
4 BC for the first time in documents written Pergamon is the beginning of the century. The city later became the capital of the Kingdom of Pergamon. During this period, palaces, temples, theaters such as the structures were performed, translated into the city of towers and walls. Pergamon, after ligation of the kingdom to Rome, has remained one of the cities of western Anatolia.

The remains of the old city, the 1870 German engineer Carl Humann found working in Western Anatolia, laying railroad. Pergamon 1878, was the first research and excavation work. Excavations and repair work is also going on today.

The city of Pergamon, the Acropolis ("part of the city's up"), is located on a hill dominated by the plains watered by Bakırçayı'nın. Great view of a castle on the left before reaching the main gate of the Acropolis are the remains of the heroon. Heroon, a hero or demi-god in ancient Greece and its surroundings in the name of a gallery, surrounded by columns, was the name of the holy places. Heroon'da, religious ceremony, the room (the cult room) behind a large front gallery. Heroon north of the Hellenistic-era building had a long a series of shops.
The model city of Pergamon, Berlin Museum

Athena, the goddess of wisdom and war in the name of the city, who protected the Temple of Athena, the Acropolis the most important mekânıydı. Theatre located on the terrace of the temple was Doric. Most part in the excavations of the Temple of Athena, was taken to Berlin, according to their original re-established there. Pergamon, only the foundations remained.
There was a library north of the Temple of Athena, four hall. This is the largest libraries of the Hellenistic period was one. The library, "Pergamon skin known as" written on parchment book known to have 200 thousand. Roman soldier and statesman, Marcus Antonius, BC 41 is a gift of books has all of the Egyptian queen Cleopatra.

Took place on a terrace in the south of the Temple of Athena, Altar of Zeus. Altar of Zeus in Pergamon Museum in Berlin, were taken away and repaired there, (Pergamon Museum) Is put. The best example of architecture of the Hellenistic period, the Pergamon altar, only the foundations remained. Altar of Zeus, is located south of the Upper Agora. Agora, the south and northeast, surrounded by galleries with columns in the Doric order. Collected from the Agora public, political debate and was talking to management and trade-related issues. Northwest of the Agora Agora, the Temple there. Palaces of the kings of Pergamon, the Acropolis was rising from the highest place. Ground and the foundations of the palaces are reached only in the present day. Simple-looking rooms in these buildings around a courtyard lined with columns.
Steep slope on the west of the Temple of Athena, a theater is located approximately 10 thousand people. The front side of the cliff overlooking the theater during the Hellenistic period sağlamlaştırılmıştı sets. The theater had a wooden stage, and this scene was so disconnected and reconnected.

The Temple of Dionysus, which is another temple of the Acropolis, the theater was the north terrace. 25 stairs alone on a podium in front of the temple there were columns.

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